Obesity Leads to Mortality: Know All Important Facts

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Obesity leads to mortality

About – Obesity

Obesity is a complex disease that involves an excessive amount of body fat. It is not only a cosmetic concern but also increases the risk of other diseases and other health issues such as diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, and cancer. 

Obesity results from inherited, environmental, and psychological factors, combined with diet, exercise choices, and physical activities. It is difficult to treat because of its high relapse rate. Though treatment and medications will help, it isn’t easy to treat Obesity in the short term

This article will guide you through all the factors that cause Obesity and diseases linked with Obesity.

What Causes Obesity?

It is one of the world’s biggest health problems, associated with several related conditions known as metabolic syndrome. Here are the factors that are leading to Obesity, weight gain, and metabolic disease;

Genetics

Children of parents with Obesity are more likely to have Obesity, as it has a strong genetic component. It does not mean Obesity is predetermined. Your food habits can majorly affect which genes are expressed and which are not. 

Food Addiction

Many junk food, which contains high fat and sugar-sweetened, stimulate your brain’s reward centers. Addiction is a very complex issue that can be difficult to overcome, especially when you become addicted to something. 

These unhealthy food habits cause addiction in susceptible individuals. 

Engineered Junk Foods

Heavily processed foods are designed to be cheap and taste so incredibly good that it is hard to resist. Generally, it is made up of refined ingredients. 

Aggressive Marketing

The main cause behind Obesity in children is an addiction to junk foods. Junk food marketers sometimes try to market unethical products as healthy foods. Their marketing specifically targets children. 

Certain Medication

Obesity can appear as a side effect caused by pharmaceutical drugs. Other reasons can be antipsychotics and diabetes medications. These drugs increase appetite or reduce the metabolic rate. 

Food Availability 

Food, especially junk foods, is available everywhere, and the display of the tempting food in the shops is enough to draw your attention. These food are also cheap, so anyone can purchase them easily. 

Some people do not have enough money to purchase real foods like vegetables and fresh fruits. 

Sugar

You can consider it as the single worst aspect of the modern diet. When you consume sugar in an excess amount, it changes the hormones and biochemistry of your body, which in turn contributes to weight gain.

Intake of excess fructose may cause insulin resistance and will elevate insulin levels. 

So in every aspect, sugar contributes to increased energy storage, ultimately Obesity.  

Misinformation

All over the world, people are misinformed about health and nutrition. They are many websites that spread incorrect information about nutrition and health. Food companies also play an important role in this. Some promote products, like weight loss supplements, which do not even work. 

How is Obesity Linked With Other Health Issues?

When your body mass index is 30, or more than that, it can cause Obesity, and you are more like to have other health issues like; 

Diabetes

One of the most common reasons behind type 2 diabetes is Obesity. You can cut the risk of developing diabetes by eating healthy food, having a proper diet plan, getting adequate sleep, daily exercise, and losing weight. 

Heart Disease or Stroke

Extra weight makes you more likely to have high cholesterol and high blood pressure. Losing weight can help you to lower the risk of heart disease. 

Cancer

Some studies have reported that cancer in the breast, colon, kidney, endometrium, and esophagus are linked with Obesity. It can also cause cancer in the ovaries, gallbladder, and pancreas. 

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is a common joint that most often affects the hip, back, and knee. Carrying some extra pounds on places can pressure the cartilage and joints. 

Losing weight can ease the stress on the hips, knees, and lower back and improve osteoarthritis symptoms.

Gallbladder Disease and Gall Stones

If you are overweight, it is very common to have gall stones and gall bladder disease. Ironically rapid weight loss can also increase the chances of gallbladder disease. 

Gout

The presence of too much uric acid causes gout. It affects the joints, and it is more common in overweight people. A sudden weight change may lead to an outbreak of gout. It would be best if you would consider a doctor who can advise you on how to lose weight, with a proper diet schedule. 

Breathing Problems Such As Sleep Apnea

It is a breathing condition where a person snores heavily and briefly stops breathing, and Obesity is the main reason behind sleep apnea. It can cause daytime sleepiness and make heart stroke and heart disease more likely. 

Leptin Resistance

Leptin plays an important role in Obesity, produced by fat cells, and its blood levels increase along with the higher fat mass. High leptin levels are linked with appetite reduction. The main problem behind leptin is not working properly because it can not cross the blood-brain barrier, which is called leptin resistance.

How Does Cetilistat Help in Reducing Obesity?

Cetilistat is used for the treatment of Obesity. It inhibits the pancreatic enzyme lipase, which breaks down triglycerides in the intestine. It works in the same way as orlistat. Active pharmaceutical companies produce cetilistat in large amounts, as it is an essential medicine in treating Obesity. 

Conclusion

You can not fully control the mechanism of your body, but you always have the option to learn how to control your lifestyle and eating habits. 

Until and unless there are emergency medical conditions, you always have the option to control your body weight. 

The fact is that food culture and modern eating habits must be able to reverse the problem on a global scale.

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