Type 2 diabetes accounts for the majority of cases of diabetes globally. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is prevalent among 2.4% of the rural population and 11.6% of the urban population.
Although type 2 diabetes cannot be cured, it can be managed, and people with this chronic disease can live full, active, and healthy lives.
What is Type 2 Diabetes?
Having diabetes is caused by the body not creating enough insulin to keep blood glucose (sugar) levels in the normal range. Everyone must have some glucose in their blood, but too much glucose can damage the body.
People with diabetes who have type 2 diabetes don’t produce enough insulin, or the cells in the body don’t recognize the insulin. In both cases, you will have high glucose levels in your blood.
A majority (but not all) of people (but not all) can manage type 2 diabetes by staying active and eating healthily.
There is a clear correlation between type 2 diabetes and either high blood pressure (hypertension) or abnormal fat (cholesterol) levels in the blood (the medical term is dyslipidemia). Diabetes combined with hypertension and dyslipidemia is sometimes called ‘the Metabolic Syndrome or Syndrome X.
Symptoms of Type 2 diabetes
You may have been living with type 2 diabetes for many years without knowing it. The disease is not always symptomatic. You may experience:
- Lacking energy and feeling tired
- Constant feeling of thirst
- Frequently using the toilet
- Constantly getting infected
- A difficult time recovering from an infection
- Blurred vision or poor eyesight
- You often feel hungry
Lifestyle Changes Required to the Cure Type 2 Diabetes
Physical activity and dietary intake determine energy balance and are therefore considered a substantial part of the treatment of diabetes. If you have Type 2 diabetes, you must incorporate these lifestyle choices with prescribed meds from reliable pharmaceutical ingredients manufacturers.
Contrary to popular belief, people with diabetes do not require a specific diet. But it’s important to make sure that your diet is centered around:
- An eating schedule that includes healthy snacks and meals
- Reduced portion sizes
- Increased consumption of high-fiber foods, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
- A reduction in starchy vegetables, refined grains, and sugar
- Low-fat dairy products, low-fat meats, and fish in small servings
- Use of olive oil or canola oil as healthy cooking oils
- Calorie reduction
Registered dietitians can provide the following assistance if your doctor recommends it:
- Your food preferences should include healthy choices
- Make sure your meals are balanced and nutritious
- Address habits that need to be changed and develop new habits
- Make sure you monitor your carbohydrate intake in order to maintain a stable blood sugar level
Engaging in Physical Activity
It’s important to exercise if you want to lose weight or maintain a healthy weight. Moreover, it regulates blood sugar levels. To ensure that activities are safe for you, talk to your primary care provider before starting an exercise program.
Aerobic exercise. Take part in an aerobic activity that you enjoy, like walking, jogging, swimming, or biking. Adults should aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate aerobic exercise per week or at least 30 minutes of moderate exercise on most days of the week. Children should perform 60 minutes to one hour of vigorous exercise each day.
Resistance training. Your strength and balance are improved when you do resistance exercise, as are your abilities to perform activities of daily living. Resistance exercises include calisthenics, weightlifting, and yoga.
Strengthening and flexible activities should be carried out by children at least three days a week. This includes resistance exercises, playing sports, and climbing on equipment. Two to three resistance exercise sessions per week are recommended for adults with type 2 diabetes.
Reduce inactivity. Blood sugar levels can be controlled by breaking up long periods of inactivity, such as sitting at the computer. Spend a few minutes every 30 minutes standing, walking, or doing light exercise.
The effects of weight loss on glucose levels, cholesterol levels, and triglycerides are positive. Losing as little as 5% of your body weight can improve these factors if you are overweight. Nonetheless, losing weight will improve your health and ability to manage the disease.
Ideally, you should discuss any weight loss goals you have with your doctor or dietitian so that they can help you reach them.
Blood Sugar Monitoring
If you have diabetes, you should check your blood glucose level regularly to ensure it remains within your target range. For instance, you may need to check it before and after exercising daily. If you take insulin, this may need to be repeated several times a day.
Monitors typically take blood sugar measurements using a blood glucose meter, which you can use at home. Make a note of your measurements so your doctor can check them.
An electronic system that constantly records your blood glucose levels is continuous glucose monitoring. The system can send alerts to your phone whenever levels are too high or too low and transmit information.
Lastly, the importance of sufficient sleep for a patient’s health and overall well-being should not be underestimated. It is medically suggested that patients sleep for approximately seven hours every night.
How Alogliptin Benzoate Helps in Treating Type 2 Diabetes?
Alogliptin Benzoateis a potent inhibitor of the enzyme dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4). This drug is among several agents currently being used to treat type 2 diabetes.
Patients with type 2 diabetes use Alogliptin and a healthy diet and exercise program to lower their blood sugar levels. Control blood sugar and increases the amount of insulin in the body.
Many countries have approved it around the world. Administering alogliptin once daily alone as monotherapy or in combination with other oral anti-diabetic drugs or insulin is associated with potent glucose-lowering effects similar to those of other DPP-4 inhibitors with a low risk of weight gain and hypoglycemia.
Recent randomized controlled trials have confirmed the safety of this drug in the cardiovascular system. It aims to summarize the efficacy and safety of alogliptin and discuss DPP-4 inhibitors and their role in treating type 2 diabetes.
Alogliptin Benzoate is available as a pill that is taken orally. Patients typically take it once or twice a day with or without food. Administer it at a regular time each day. Consult your pharmacist or doctor if you have any questions or concerns about the instructions on your prescription label. Alogliptin should be taken exactly as prescribed. Follow your doctor’s recommendations regarding the amount and frequency of your medication.
Do not miss your doctor’s or laboratory appointments. Your doctor will probably order several laboratory tests to determine how your body reacts to Alogliptin Benzoate.
Alogliptin has a controlling effect on diabetes, but it does not cure it. Even if you are feeling fine, you should continue to take alogliptin. Talk to your doctor before stopping the medication.
Pay attention to every instruction. To determine how well you respond to alogliptin, you should monitor your blood sugar levels and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c). You can also measure your urine or blood sugar levels at home to determine how you respond to alogliptin.
Make sure to keep a written record of all the prescription and nonprescription (over-the-counter) medications you are taking, along with the many vitamins, minerals, or other dietary supplements you take. This list should be brought with you to any doctor’s appointment or hospital admission. It is also crucial to have with you in the event of an emergency.